Due to the rapid developments in the field of aerodynamics and Global Positioning (GPs) techniques, determining the attitude has also become of greater concern. Attitude sensor is a device used to determine angular deviations of earth axes from a specific position . Most of these attitude sensors use celestial bodies such as stars and planets. They sense many things including the magnetic fields generated by those bodies. Antenna should comply with the Antenna Interface Standards Group (ASIG) protocol.
Attitude controlling is arguably one of the most integrated technology of the 21st century. It is used in various fields starting with spacecraft, global positioning to modern cars just to mention but a few. Antenna attitude sensors are mostly used to maintain the accuracy of signals pointing the earth without any deviation. The following are some of antenna attitude uses which make them useful tools when navigating through space.
• They enhance communication.
During signal transmission, the antenna collects useful data which can be transmitted to a database for access by network operators who then decides what measures to be taken. These antennas help in accessing data about changes in attitude remotely.
• Measuring the rate of deviation of earth axes.
Antenna attitude sensors are installed with some internal components which are capable of measuring elevational tilt and slant of the antenna and azimuth and displaying the results to the network operators.
• Gathering and recording attitude data.
Antennas detect changes in attitude and transmit that data to network operators on the ground for effective measures. Antenna attitude sensors provide accurate data to actuators for real-time independent determination of attitude.
In order to ensure that antenna attitude sensors perform as expected and gives effective information, its orientation and adjustment should not only facilitate the initial orientation but also the ongoing orientation so as to detect any case of disorientation and thus reducing physical visits by technicians. Though designing and operating with antenna attitude system is a complex task requiring expertise, they are most beneficial to our day-to-day lives more so in telecommunication and airspace industries. Below are some benefits of using antenna attitude sensors;
All data signals being received by antennas can be received by a single receiver in real-time therefore effecting communication.
The received data makes it possible to calculate pitch, yaw and roll attitude angles of the spacecraft.
They make communication easy throughout the world since they receive and send signals in a real-time manner.
Through the use of different sensors, many things are accomplished starting from attitude to earth’s magnetic field detection. Attitude control can be obtained by different mechanisms but using antenna attitude sensor provides accurate results.